The world of the web is very large, and sometimes the source of huge problems. By accessing the internet you trample on very difficult terrain, it is therefore essential to learn to browse the internet safely.
Did you know that from your address IP could we trace your position and all your activities on the internet? That is, we would know every time you are online, which sites you visit and from where you do so.
Don't you wonder how some sites like Google manage to indicate your Country, City or even your district of residence at the bottom of your searches?
Let's take a look at the best habits to adopt daily to surf the internet safely.
- 1 Browse the internet safely: Http vs Https
- 2 Surf safely on the internet: Normal mode vs Private mode
- 3 Safe Internet Browsing: Don't Trust Public Networks
- 4 Surf safely on the internet: Focus on updates
- 5 Safe surfing the internet: Stay anonymous
When you access a website, first check in the address bar of your browser if you are in “http://" or rather "https://".
Http is a protocol for receiving and sending information from and to the server. Https also does almost the same, the difference? With HttpS (S for secure) you have an extra layer of security.
Briefly, Https creates security for the data. Which is to say that the exchanges between you and the server will all be encrypted as a result, they are not likely to be intercepted.
You don't always have to type https:// by entering the address. Secure sites will do an automatic redirect. Therefore, favor secure sites (with Https) and check the existence of a padlock icon well closed, it is an additional index of security.
Be careful, the padlock may be visible but if he is crossed out this is a bad sign. In this case your connection is simply not secure. The Https protocol is therefore one of the clues to question to be sure to browse safely on the Internet.
When you open your browser, it defaults to normal mode. But all browsers offer private browsing, which is not as private as it seems.
In private browsing, you are not anonymous with websites or with your internet service provider. We will also talk about anonymous browsing in the last part of the article.
Private browsing is really just a browsing mode that doesn't log your search histories. It does not save your browsing data when you exit the app or close all incognito tabs and windows.
You just don't leave a trace in the browser and that's where private browsing ends. This helps you keep your online activities private from anyone else using the same computer or phone.
Some entertainment venues, hotels, bars, etc. offer you free internet access via Wi-Fi? It's good to take advantage of it. In any case, you don't spend your time there without buying a service or consuming a product. But remember that such networks can be playgrounds for hackers.
Avoid visiting sites where you will have to enter your confidential and sensitive data such as your passwords, your bank account information, etc. It could infringe on your privacy.
Read also: Tips for creating strong passwords.
Your programs often have flaws, which can be of a security order but rest assured, developers realize this very quickly. Reason why they offer updates to correct these flaws and anomalies. Always remember to update your various software, especially your browsers.
Also consider using a antivirus, these are equipped with tools to protect against spyware and other forms of attack that may originate from the internet. They will notify you when your security is threatened.
You want to surf without revealing your IP adress ? Another way to browse the internet safely is to do so while remaining anonymous. In this case your internet service provider will not know anything about what you are doing on the internet, or where you are doing it from.
By browsing anonymously, you can bypass access restrictions to certain geocensored services.
Use a Proxy Server
One or more proxy servers are placed between a client (you) and a server (site to consult) by intercepting requests and relaying them. By going through a proxy, all your requests to the server are masked.
There are free and paid proxy services. Among them you can try Kproxy (it is free and paid in Pro version). You can also download the program for computer or an extension for your browser and use it at will.
This is what it looks like after installing the Kproxy extension in the browser. By clicking on the button Home, you will choose which server to connect to and start your anonymous browsing.
In our case, I chose to connect to a server located in France. Which means I can enjoy Web services reserved only for people residing in France, but I'm not there. In addition, in case someone tried to trace my IP address, they would pick me up in France; shame.
Read also: Install Windows, become your own maintainer.
Using a VPN
For the VPN (Virtual Private Network), you usually have to pay and have an account. There are of course free services but slow or restricted in terms of data to use in a specific time.
Paid services are more secure, use a lot more bandwidth and once you subscribe, you will download the software in smartphone or computer version.
Using a VPN is one of the most popular ways for entrepreneurs and individuals who want to browse the internet securely.
To connect, you will have to identify yourself with the account already registered. Then, you will choose the server of your choice among those which will be proposed to you. All you have to do is start your connection.
Use TOR Browser
Many do not know of its existence. Tor Browser is a browser that uses the Tor network to allow safe browsing on the Internet. This browser allows you to do a lot of things, like accessing censored content.
Originally Tor was developed for use by the United States military, for the confidentiality of its data, theUS Navy more particularly. Now it is accessible as open source software.
In countries where access to certain data is censored, Tor might be a suitable solution. It prevents the government and any other entity from tracking your internet activities.
Read also: How to secure your personal data in Windows.
It is not illegal to use Tor, except when you are in certain countries which prohibit its use. Or when you use it to access the Dark Web to carry out illicit activities, such as selling drugs, or for any other activity prohibited by law.
You are probably wondering what the Dark Web. Well, it's a part of the internet hidden from the general public and accessible only from specific tools. This is the dark part of the web.
Why dark? Simply because it is sometimes used by certain terrorists, ransomers, robbers, fraudsters and many other outlaws. However, there are a lot of legal resources there, which are hidden there for reasons of confidentiality for example.
So, should Tor be avoided? In fact, it's up to you to decide what to use it for. If you just want to protect your privacy without wanting to break any law, without wanting to harm anyone, Tor is an essential tool that I suggest to you.
How to use Tor?
It is an easy-to-use browser for people looking to browse the internet safely. Its design is based on Firefox ESR. No way to worry about its use, there is nothing complicated to do. Well almost.
To use it, install and open Tor Browser.
Normally after clicking on " Connect ". The browser takes a few seconds to connect to the Tor network and then it will open. The configure option would only be useful if you live in a country that prohibits the use of Tor.
Here is Tor ready to use. Nothing complicated is not it! This is not Firefox. Remember that it is designed on the basis of the latter, so it is normal that it inherits its look. You will notice however that under Tor browsing is slow, this is due to existing relays between you and the destination server.
- Your Cookies: often think about deleting them. These are traces that you leave in the browser, and which contain your connection habits, your personal information that can be used by third-party companies. Removing them helps limit the tracking of your tracks.
- Your box of email : it's not as healthy a place as you might think. Avoid opening attachments whose origin is not formally verified. They could hide viruses or spyware. This may be the source of your next problem! Be on your guard and navigate safely.
Now do what it takes to browse the internet safely, without worrying about your privacy.